Jizzakh is the most important transport node of Uzbekistan and the administrative center of the Jizzakh region. Jizzakh appeared around the 3rd century on the site of an oasis at the crossroads of caravan routes of the Silk Road leading from Tashkent to Samarkand. With the development of trade in the region, the city acquired strategic importance and was surrounded by walls. The name “Jizzakh” from the Sogdian language means “Little Fortress”. But, despite all attempts to strengthen the city, to make it a trading stronghold, in the 8th century the city was conquered by the Arabs and forcibly joined to the Arab Caliphate. The next invasion occurred in the 13th century when the city was destroyed by the Mongol troops of Genghis Khan. During the Mongol invasion, almost the entire population was exterminated and Jizzakh disappeared. This continued until Amir Timur came to power and revived the city.
Modern Jizzakh has not lost its importance as a transport node. A railway passes through Jizzakh and connects the east and west of Uzbekistan with the center of the country. As before, the highway passes through Jizzakh, connecting the cultural capital Samarkand with Tashkent, the modern capital. The tourist infrastructure is very developed, the city has parks, museums, the “old city” with its attractions and other places for leisure.
Tourists visit Jizzakh, first of all, due to its geographical location. Jizzakh is located in a very picturesque area. Here the mountain range Marguzar ends and Nuratau originates. The two ridges are separated by the remarkable gorge “Tamerlane’s Gate”, which arose on the Sanzar River, the largest river in the region. Thus, the landscape of Jizzakh is very diverse: rivers, high mountains, cliffs, lush vegetation, and many opportunities for ecotourism in Uzbekistan.
Zaamin deserves special interest. It can be called the paradise of Uzbekistan. The nature of Zaamin is not touched by civilization and has retained its original appearance. Here on a vast territory various, you can observe coniferous and juniper trees, birds, and animals. Due to the abundance of vegetation, the mountains of Zaamin were called “Uzbek Switzerland”. In Zaamin you can find representatives of the fauna, unusual for Central Asia, as well as animals listed in the Red Book. Among them are black storks, wolves, Tien Shan bears, hares, eagles, porcupines, and many others. Zaamin National Park is located here. You can spend time away from the smog of the city and stay in a real coniferous forest in the middle of the mountains. The air of Zaamin is so clean that it has healing properties. Zaamin tours offer travelers exciting excursions, outdoor recreation, the opportunity to see the beauty of nature. Once in Zaamin, captured by the local flora, you can drop all worries and enjoy every minute of unity with this amazing fertile land. The area is recommended for visiting in autumn and spring, during the flowering period, when the entire park is painted with different colors.
The Lake Tuzkan stretches in 50 km from Jizzakh at the Kyzylkum desert. Tuzkan has a natural origin, it arose as an echo of the once existing huge Aral-Caspian basin. There is not much left of the ancient sea in Tuzkan, only a slightly salty taste. The lake does not have a constant shape, its coastal areas are overgrown with local flora. The lake and the surrounding land are an ideal place for a relaxing holiday in nature. Far from settlements, in the plain, you can watch the starry sky at night and the sun in the morning above the water. Tuzkan Lake is perfect for those who love fishing.
The nature of the Jizzakh region is very diverse and amazing. Along the Sanzar River, there are remains of ancient settlements, and in the mountains, there are many natural interesting stone structures. Passing through the Jizzakh region, it is worth visiting the village of Bakhmal, which is famous for its fruits, colorful life, and artisans.