The People’s Republic of China (PRC) is a country in East Asia. China ranks first in the world in terms of population and third in terms of area. A large population provides the greatest demand in the world, and with it the most diversified supply, even considering that China is the world’s largest exporter of goods, called the “World Factory”.
The territory of the country has common borders with Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar. Three seas wash the coasts of the country, and the topography varies greatly from fertile plains in the east to the Tibetan plateau in the west. The climate changes accordingly, from subtropical to sharply continental. In general, the climate is characterized by high humidity, especially in summer, which is explained by the many rivers, the largest of which have access to the oceans. High humidity allows bamboo to grow, which the Chinese use in many areas of their lives – from building houses to making chopsticks. It is also worth mentioning that China has 10% of the diversity of wild animals and fish. The Chinese are very sensitive to nature conservation and have achieved amazing results: forests and lakes remained intact in the country, and many animals escaped extinction.
In modern China, the transport network is very developed: in terms of the number of high-speed highways and high-speed rail trains, China occupies a leading position in the world. In addition, water transport and civil aviation are popular; a tourist in China cannot have any problems with accessibility to transport. Also, mobile and wired networks, including the Internet, are well developed. It is not surprising that China takes the first place here too.
The PRC is a very developed country technically and culturally. The residents are distinguished by their friendliness towards foreigners, they are always welcoming and welcome any tourists in China. In addition, despite the high level of development, China continues to develop in all areas and it is very interesting to observe the changes.
Beijing is the official capital of China and. It is the concentration of roads, the business and administrative center of the country. An amazing, futuristic city where the ancient history of China and a high level of technical development are combined. Walking around Beijing is a special pleasure for a tourist in China, thanks to the amazing variety and beauty of the streets, decor and night lighting of the city. Beijing has dozens of architectural monuments, among which the “Forbidden City” stands out – the largest palace complex in the world. Built at the beginning of the 15th century, the Forbidden City has undergone many changes, but its essence has remained unchanged – the emperor, his family and retinue live here. Up to a thousand buildings have survived on its territory and, as it is commonly believed, “9999 rooms” is a rather hypothetical figure. The complex is divided into an external ceremonial part and an internal one, where, in fact, the emperor and his family lived. The entire complex is decorated with sculptures, even the walls and floor are already exhibits of a huge “museum”. In addition, Beijing has dozens of temples, mausoleums, parks, as well as picturesque gates and bridges that are more than five centuries old.
Shanghai is an important cultural and economic center of the country. Shanghai has the largest seaport due to the fact that Shanghai has the highest financial turnover in China. Large world companies are based in the city and bring more and more income to the city, which is reasonably spent on building and improving the city. Shanghai has many high-tech skyscrapers, many more than other Chinese cities. The tourist area of the city is replete with entertainment for tourists for all tastes: parks, cafes, gourmet restaurants, clubs and walking areas. Among the architectural monuments in Shanghai, it is worth mentioning many buildings of a religious nature. In the city, you can visit ancient Catholic churches, Buddhist temples, as well as mosques, including the largest mosque in China. Among the popular local entertainment, a special place is occupied by colorful markets and museums.
Guangzhou is the third largest city in China after Shanghai and Beijing. Like other populated cities, Guangzhou is technologically advanced and attracts many foreign companies and investors. There are many different exhibitions of cars, equipment and even water transport. It hosts the Canton Fair twice a year, one of the most important events in the world for industry and commerce. The city is tourist-friendly and provides all possible amenities and leisure opportunities.
Guangzhou has a large Yuexiu Park, where chrysanthemum exhibitions and fairs are held in spring. There is also a stadium, a museum, an obelisk of Sun Yat-sen – the first president of China. A reason for pride for the inhabitants of Guangzhou is the TV tower, the second highest in the world. The tower reaches over 600 meters and serves up to 10,000 tourists a day. In addition, at the disposal of tourists in Guangzhou are exotic markets, the Canton River embankment for recreation and fishing, as well as memorial complexes, museums and, of course, exhibition halls.
Kashgar is one of the cities in China with a history of more than 2000 years. As one of the important points on the Great Silk Road, Kashgar was ruled by the Turks, Mongols and Karakitai. The territory has always been dominated by the Muslim population. Even now Kashgar is an important center of the culture of Central Asia, as one of the Uyghur cities.
In the north-east of Kashgar, on ten hectares, there is the Gaotai settlement – a favorite place for tourists. About four thousand people now live in Gaotai – hereditary representatives of the Uyghur people. Here, from generation to generation, the secrets of Uyghur handicrafts are passed down, folk instruments are made, legends and myths of the ancient Uyghurs are retold. In Gaotai, tourists can purchase works of pottery and applied arts: wood and metal work.
Among the architectural sights it is worth mentioning Id-Kakh – the largest mosque in China. Founded in the 9th century, the mosque was completed and expanded until the 15th century. According to some reports, Id-Kakh accommodates up to twenty thousand Muslims praying at the same time.
Xi’an is one of the most ancient cities not only in China, but in the whole world. The first settlement here was founded more than 3000 years BC, and the first mention of the city at this place dates back to the XI century BC. Many monuments and artifacts of antiquity have been preserved in Xi’an.
The legendary “Terracotta Army” numbering more than eight thousand clay soldiers was found here in the mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang, the first ruler of the Qin dynasty. All 8100 sculptures were built in order of battle and have individual faces and proportions, as they were sculpted from existing soldiers. In addition to people, chariots with horse sculptures were also found, which also perfectly preserved their amazing detail. According to historical records, the army was supposed to accompany the emperor even after his death.
Must-sees are the Big Wild Goose Pagoda and the Small Wild Goose Pagoda, which are more than 14 centuries old. Because of their steadfastness against earthquakes and bad weather, pagodas are considered the focus of mystical powers. Not far from the pagodas are the ancient “Temple of Mother’s Love” and the Xi’an Museum. In addition to them, in Xi’an you can visit: one of the most ancient Buddhist monasteries Daxinshan, “Bell Tower” and “Drum Tower”, Museum of Shanxi Province and much more.